Globally, innovation in data-governance is fairly embryonic. Recent years have seen a flurry of new activity, but much of this remains poorly defined or nascent. Few, if any, countries have cracked the code of responsible and effective data-sharing initiatives and governance.
Through an in-depth review of existing literature and more than 50 case studies, participation in five conferences, and consultation with experts in the field, Nesta, in partnership with Smart Dubai, has found the following:
To respond to the above, we produced a toolkit to provide useful guidance and resources for private and public organisations to prepare for and design data-sharing initiatives, helping them identify the right combination of options for the specific and unique context for the given circumstances.
The toolkit comprises six decision points prompting and guiding discussions about all key elements of a data-sharing arrangement, and a set of 'project foundations' conditions required to move forward with the data-sharing project, providing the overarching legal, technical and relationship considerations.
By applying this framework to the analysis of more than 20 case studies, a number of trends, recurring themes and challenges that commonly arise in data-sharing initiatives have been identified.