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The Impact and Effectiveness of Policies to Support Collaboration for R&D and Innovation

Nesta Working Paper 12/06
Issued: March 2012
JEL Classification: O38
Keywords: Impact, Innovation policies, R&D collaboration schemes


This paper is part of the Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention. It examines the evidence on the effectiveness of publicly supported schemes that aim to promote or enhance collaborative innovation activities between firms and, what may broadly be termed, the science base – i.e. public laboratories and research institutes and Higher Education Institutions, particularly universities. It bases its analysis on number of evaluation reports and the academic literature. The evidence reviewed is organised around the issues of input additionality, output additionality, behavioural additionality and programme design and governance. It also discusses five important thematic issues including the evaluation of the Alvey Programme, evaluations of the EUREKA Programme, Japanese experience with collaborative R&D support, CIS based evaluations of collaboration, and finally, a series of evaluations of Australia’s Cooperative Research Centres Programmes. The report proposes a set of general lessons for the design and implementation of collaborative support instruments, i.e. the typical pre-conditions for success. Programme success is also found to be closely aligned with the characteristics of the participants. The report also has important conclusions for programme governance while a final set of conclusions relates to lessons for evaluation and future research needs.


Paul Cunningham, Abdullah Gök

The Nesta Working Paper Series is intended to make available early results of research undertaken or supported by Nesta and its partners in order to elicit comments and suggestions for revisions and to encourage discussion and further debate prior to publication (ISSN 2050-9820). The views expressed in this working paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of Nesta.