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Nesta is an innovation foundation. For us, innovation means turning bold ideas into reality and changing lives for the better. We use our expertise, skills and funding in areas where there are big challenges facing society.

Artificial intelligence is transforming the way we work. Important decisions about people’s working lives such as whether they get a job and how they are managed are increasingly made by technology rather than a human manager.

These new technologies present us all with opportunities for a better world of work, with more reward and greater productivity. But there are also risks of unfairness, discrimination, work intensification, stress and injury, with work becoming an increasingly isolating and lonely experience.

We should have compassionate innovation where technology works for humans, rather than the other way round. I am proposing that we establish the rules of engagement now by creating a new charter of digital rights, as we've set out in our AI manifesto—Dignity at Work and the AI Revolution. These new rights are necessary because our careers are now increasingly tangled with technology. Establishing this charter will take a cross-sector effort to agree the rules of the road ahead. Three big issues should be at its heart.

We should have compassionate innovation where technology works for humans, rather than the other way round.

Firstly, to protect human expertise and relationships, there should be a comprehensive right to human review of important decisions made by technology. This should include an express statutory right to in-person engagement—people should have a right to meet a person, in person, when significant decisions are being made about their working lives.

Secondly, it’s vital that technology doesn’t entrench existing inequalities. Making everyone in the AI value chain—including tech companies—liable for discriminatory algorithms will provide an important protection against this, as will mandatory equality impact assessments and making clear in legislation that discriminatory data processing is always unlawful.

Finally, collectivism matters more than ever in the face of technological control. Collective bargaining and consultation with trade unions provide the best system of co-governance of new technologies at work. This includes workers being helped to harness their own data—collectivising this information so that it can be used to identify any unfairness at work and further worker interests

This article was originally published as part of Minister for the Future in partnership with Prospect. Illustrations by Ian Morris. You can read the original feature on the Prospect website.