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Government risks forgetting as much as it remembers - leading to unnecessary and costly mistakes, warns Nesta

Poor record keeping, inaccessible data storage and outsourcing of government projects mean that the Government is at risk of losing vital information and making unnecessary mistakes, warns a new report published by Nesta.

The report Can government stop losing its mind?(1) shows that an array of new technologies now make it possible to organise organisational memory more effectively but these are not being used in Whitehall. The report calls for the systematic capture of information ranging from policy decisions to emails and conference calls - and for no policy discussion to be considered complete until it is properly archived for future use.

The analysis, carried out for innovation foundation Nesta by Gavin Starks from Dgen, draws on anonymous commentary from government officials, extensive experience around government as well as existing research.

The causes of memory loss identified include staff churn, silo-working with poor information sharing across departments, outsourcing work and failure to treat information as a valued asset and preserve it.

The report recommends an overhaul to how Government at every level manages data and creating an enabling culture so it can use the available technology much more systematically. It also calls for the creation of a Digital Audit Office, which could ensure the policies for storing knowledge are being followed.

Recognising the benefits of institutions like the Government’s policy and evidence network of What Works Centres, and drawing upon best practice examples from public bodies including the BBC, the Ministry of Defence and NHS Blood and Transplant, the analysis recommends:

  • Design for open, build for search: the Government should mandate processes that make open access to and sharing of data the default, both within its own departments and for suppliers. Data should be searchable and retrievable for both humans and machines. In addition to traditional records, data captured should include rich data such as discussions, emails and conference calls - both internal and between the government, third parties and citizens.
  • Create a Digital Audit Office To address accountability, ethics and transparency, government needs to work with institutions of accountability - such as the National Audit Office or Information Commissioner's Office. The creation of a Digital Audit Office would ensure the policies for federated knowledge recommended in the report are being followed.
  • Build data reciprocity into supply chains: Open data licensing, open APIs and open access will help increase data supply across government, and increase demand. Tools such as shared documents could encourage collaboration and provide a clear audit trail.
  • Develop data ethics standards: The Government's ethical approach should address uses of data and algorithms, and ensure there is clear accountability for data usage. It must also be responsive to the pace of technological innovation.
  • Develop a culture of network thinking Technologies and organisations change. This means there needs to be a commitment to learning and sharing which exists regardless of which tools are used.

Geoff Mulgan, Chief Executive of Nesta said:

“Too often government forgets more than it remembers; the lessons of policy successes and failures are lost; and research studies are buried.

“An important justification for a permanent professional civil service is that it organises government's memory well. As Brexit pulls in ever more civil servants, this problem - already visible on issues as varied as rough sleeping and PFI - risks becoming more serious. This report challenges government to use an important public asset much more efficiently, and shows how this can be done.'

The full report is available from Wednesday 18th April to download:

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For more information contact Julia Lamb [email protected] or 020 7360 1208.

  1. Nesta commissioned Gavin Starks from Dgen to author the report Can government stop losing its mind?.
  2. The What Works Centres launched in 2013 and gather evidence so that decision makers, practitioners and decision makers have access to the best evidence of what works in their field.

Notes to editors

Nesta is a global innovation foundation. We back new ideas to tackle the big challenges of our time, making use of our knowledge, networks, funding and skills. We work in partnership with others, including governments, businesses and charities. We are a UK charity that works all over the world, supported by a financial endowment. To find out more visit

Nesta is a registered charity in England and Wales 1144091 and Scotland SC042833.

Dgen helps deploy capital, humans and machines to address today’s challenges at scale. Inspired by the web and based on evidence, it creates federated partnership programmes that turn social, environmental and economic impact into business as usual.

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